From now on, July 22, the day when Christian forces led by Janos Hunyadi defeated the Ottoman Turks besieging Nandorfehervar (now Belgrade) in 1456, will be marked as a national memorial day in Hungary.
In a Monday vote, the motion presented by MPs of the ruling Fidesz and Christian Democrats was approved with no votes against and abstentions by the Socialist MPs.
The siege of Nandorfehervar took place from July 4 to 22, 1456. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II launched an attack to subjugate the Kingdom of Hungary.
His immediate goal was to capture the border fort of Nandorfehervar at the confluence of the rivers Danube and Sava. The defence of the fortress was organised by Hunyadi, a Hungarian nobleman and warlord, who had fought many battles against the Ottomans in the previous two decades.
The siege eventually escalated into a major battle, during which Hunyadi led a sudden counterattack that overran the Ottoman camp, ultimately compelling the wounded Sultan Mehmed II to lift the siege and retreat.
During the siege Pope Callixtus III ordered the bells of every European church to be rung every day at noon, as a call for believers to pray for the defenders. The practice of noon bell is traditionally attributed to the victory.